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Can You Drink Tap Water in Independence?
Yes, Independence's tap water is generally considered safe to drink as Independence has no active health based violations of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) that we are aware of. Other factors such as lead piping in a home, or low levels of pollutants on immunocompromised individuals, should also be considered, however. To find more recent info we might have, you can check out our boil water notice page or the city's water provider website.
According the EPA’s ECHO database, from April 30, 2019 to June 30, 2022, Independence's water utility, Florence Water & Sewer, had 0 violations of the Safe Drinking Water Act. For more details on the violations, please see our violation history section below. The last violation for Independence was resolved on Nov. 30, 2012. This assessment is based on the Florence Water & Sewer water system, other water systems in the city may have different results.
While tap water that meets the EPA health guidelines generally won’t make you sick to your stomach, it can still contain regulated and unregulated contaminants present in trace amounts that could potentially cause health issues over the long-run. These trace contaminants may also impact immunocompromised and vulnerable individuals.
The EPA is reviewing if it’s current regulations around pollutant levels in tap water are strict enough, and the health dangers posed by unregulated pollutants, like PFAS.
Independence Tap Water Safe Drinking Water Act Violation History - Prior 10 Years
Below is a ten year history of violations for the water system named Florence Water & Sewer for Independence in Kentucky. For more details please see the "What do these Violations Mean?" section below.
For the compliance period beginning July 1, 2014, Independence had 1 non-health based Safe Drinking Water Act violation with the violation category being Other Violation, more specifically, the violation code was Consumer Confidence Report Inadequate Reporting which falls into the Other rule code group, and the Consumer Confidence Rule rule code family for the following contaminant code: Consumer Confidence Rule.
From Nov. 1, 2012 to Nov. 30, 2012, Independence had 1 non-health based Safe Drinking Water Act violation with the violation category being Monitoring and Reporting, more specifically, the violation code was Monitoring of Treatment (SWTR-Filter) which falls into the Microbials rule code group, and the Surface Water Treatment Rules rule code family for the following contaminant code: Surface Water Treatment Rule.
Is there Lead in Independence Water?
Based on the EPA’s ECHO Database, 90% of the samples taken from the Independence water system, Florence Water & Sewer, between sample start date and sample end date, were at or below, 0.0 mg/L of lead in Independence water. This is 0% of the 0.015 mg/L action level. This means 10% of the samples taken from Independence contained more lead.
While Independence water testing may have found 0.0 mg/L of lead in its water, that does not mean your water source has the same amount. The amount of lead in water in a city can vary greatly from neighborhood to neighborhood, or even building to building. Many buildings, particularly older ones, have lead pipes or service lines which can be a source of contamination. To find out if your home has lead, we recommend getting you water tested.
No amount of lead in water is healthy, only less dangerous. As lead accumulates in our bodies over time, even exposure to relatively small amounts can have negative health effects. For more information, please check out our Lead FAQ page.
Are there PFAS in Independence Tap Water?
Currently, testing tap water for PFAS isn’t mandated on a national level. We do have a list of military bases where there have been suspected or confirmed leaks. There appears to be at least one military base - JEFFERSON PROVING GROUND - near Independence with suspected leaks.
With many potential sources of PFAS in tap water across the US, the best information we currently have about which cities have PFAS in their water is this ewg map, which you can check to see if Independence has been evaluated for yet.
Our stance is better safe than sorry, and that it makes sense to try to purify the tap water just in case.
Independence SDWA Violation History Table - Prior 10 Years
|Compliance Period||Status||Health-Based?||Category Code||Code||Rule Code||Contaminant Code||Rule Group Code||Rule Family Code|
|07/01/2014 -||Resolved||No||Other Violation (Other)||Consumer Confidence Report Inadequate Reporting (72)||Consumer Confidence Rule (420)||Consumer Confidence Rule (7000)||Other (400)||Consumer Confidence Rule (420)|
|11/01/2012 - 11/30/2012||Resolved||No||Monitoring and Reporting (MR)||Monitoring of Treatment (SWTR-Filter) (36)||Surface Water Treatment Rule (121)||Surface Water Treatment Rule (0200)||Microbials (100)||Surface Water Treatment Rules (120)|
What do these Violations Mean?
Safe Drinking Water Act Violations categories split into two groups, health based, and non-health based. Generally, health based violations are more serious, though non-health based violations can also be cause for concern.
Health Based Violations
- Maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) - maximum allowed contaminant level was exceeded.
- Maximum residual disinfectant levels (MRDLs) - maximum allowed disinfectant level was exceeded.
- Other violations (Other) - the exact required process to reduce the amounts of contaminants in drinking water was not followed.
Non-Health Based Violations
- Monitoring and reporting violations (MR, MON) - failure to conduct the required regular monitoring of drinking water quality, and/or to submit monitoring results on time.
- Public notice violations (Other) - failure to immediately alert consumers if there is a serious problem with their drinking water that may pose a risk to public health.
- Other violations (Other) - miscellaneous violations, such as failure to issue annual consumer confidence reports or maintain required records.
SDWA Table Key
|Compliance Period||Dates of the compliance period.|
Current status of the violation.
|Health-Based?||Whether the violation is health based.|
The category of violation that is reported.
|Code||A full description of violation codes can be accessed in the SDWA_REF_CODE_VALUES (CSV) table.|
|Contaminant Code||A code value that represents a contaminant for which a public water system has incurred a violation of a primary drinking water regulation.|
Code for a National Drinking Water rule.
|Rule Group Code||
Code that uniquely identifies a rule group.
|Rule Family Code||
Code for rule family.
For more clarification please visit the EPA's data dictionary.
Independence Water - Frequently Asked Questions
|By Mail:||8100 EWING BLVD
FLORENCE, KY, 41042
Existing customers can login to their Florence Water & Sewer account to pay their Independence water bill by clicking here.
If you want to pay your Florence Water & Sewer bill online and haven't made an account yet, you can create an account online. Please click here to create your account to pay your Independence water bill.
If you don't want to make an account, or can't remember your account, you can make a one-time payment towards your Independence water bill without creating an account using a one time payment portal with your account number and credit or debit card. Click here to make a one time payment.
Moving to a new house or apartment in Independence means you will often need to put the water in your name with Florence Water & Sewer. In order to put the water in your name, please click the link to the start service form below. Start service requests for water bills typically take two business days.
Leaving your house or apartment in Independence means you will likely need to take your name off of the water bill with Florence Water & Sewer. In order to take your name off the water bill, please click the link to the stop service form below. Stop service for water bills requests typically take two business days.
USER SUBMITTED RATINGS
- Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 31% Low
- Water Pollution 60% High
- Drinking Water Quality and Accessibility 69% High
- Water Quality 41% Moderate
The above data is comprised of subjective, user submitted opinions about the water quality and pollution in Independence, measured on a scale from 0% (lowest) to 100% (highest).
Always take extra precautions, the water may be safe to drink when it leaves the sewage treatment plant but it may pick up pollutants during its way to your tap. We advise that you ask locals or hotel staff about the water quality. Also, note that different cities have different water mineral contents.